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Blokuojame spam, bad-bots (blogas naršykles) su ModRewrite

Blokuojame blogas naršykles (http user agent) arba spam-bot`us naudodami ModRewrite:

Į .htaccess failą pridedame šias eilutes:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^BlackWidow [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Bot\ mailto:[email protected] [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^ChinaClaw [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Custo [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^DISCo [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Download\ Demon [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^eCatch [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EirGrabber [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EmailSiphon [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EmailWolf [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Express\ WebPictures [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^ExtractorPro [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EyeNetIE [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^FlashGet [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^GetRight [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^GetWeb! [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Go!Zilla [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Go-Ahead-Got-It [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^GrabNet [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Grafula [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^HMView [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} HTTrack [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Image\ Stripper [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Image\ Sucker [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} Indy\ Library [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^InterGET [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Internet\ Ninja [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^JetCar [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^JOC\ Web\ Spider [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^larbin [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^LeechFTP [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mass\ Downloader [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^MIDown\ tool [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mister\ PiX [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Navroad [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NearSite [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NetAnts [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NetSpider [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Net\ Vampire [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NetZIP [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Octopus [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Offline\ Explorer [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Offline\ Navigator [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^PageGrabber [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Papa\ Foto [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^pavuk [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^pcBrowser [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^RealDownload [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^ReGet [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SiteSnagger [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SmartDownload [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SuperBot [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SuperHTTP [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Surfbot [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^tAkeOut [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Teleport\ Pro [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^VoidEYE [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Web\ Image\ Collector [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Web\ Sucker [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebAuto [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebCopier [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebFetch [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebGo\ IS [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebLeacher [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebReaper [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebSauger [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Website\ eXtractor [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Website\ Quester [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebStripper [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebWhacker [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebZIP [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Widow [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WWWOFFLE [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Xaldon\ WebSpider [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Zeus
RewriteRule ^.* - [F,L]

Dar vienas būdas, blokavimui, pvz:

# set the spam_ref variable
SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^http://(www.)?some-spammer.com" spam_ref=1
SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^http://(www.)?other-spammer.com" spam_ref=1
SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^casino-poker" spam_ref=1

# block all referres that have spam_ref set
<FilesMatch "(.*)">
Order Allow,Deny
Allow from all
Deny from env=spam_ref
</FilesMatch>

Daugiau, „Blocking Bad Robots and Web Scrapers with RewriteRules“

# IF THE UA STARTS WITH THESE
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(aesop_com_spiderman|alexibot|backweb|bandit|batchftp|bigfoot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(black.?hole|blackwidow|blowfish|botalot|buddy|builtbottough|bullseye) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(cheesebot|cherrypicker|chinaclaw|collector|copier|copyrightcheck) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(cosmos|crescent|curl|custo|da|diibot|disco|dittospyder|dragonfly) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(drip|easydl|ebingbong|ecatch|eirgrabber|emailcollector|emailsiphon) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(emailwolf|erocrawler|exabot|eyenetie|filehound|flashget|flunky) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(frontpage|getright|getweb|go.?zilla|go-ahead-got-it|gotit|grabnet) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(grafula|harvest|hloader|hmview|httplib|httrack|humanlinks|ilsebot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(infonavirobot|infotekies|intelliseek|interget|iria|jennybot|jetcar) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(joc|justview|jyxobot|kenjin|keyword|larbin|leechftp|lexibot|lftp|libweb) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(likse|linkscan|linkwalker|lnspiderguy|lwp|magnet|mag-net|markwatch) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(mata.?hari|memo|microsoft.?url|midown.?tool|miixpc|mirror|missigua) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(mister.?pix|moget|mozilla.?newt|nameprotect|navroad|backdoorbot|nearsite) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(net.?vampire|netants|netcraft|netmechanic|netspider|nextgensearchbot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(attach|nicerspro|nimblecrawler|npbot|octopus|offline.?explorer) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(offline.?navigator|openfind|outfoxbot|pagegrabber|papa|pavuk) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(pcbrowser|php.?version.?tracker|pockey|propowerbot|prowebwalker) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(psbot|pump|queryn|recorder|realdownload|reaper|reget|true_robot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(repomonkey|rma|internetseer|sitesnagger|siphon|slysearch|smartdownload) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(snake|snapbot|snoopy|sogou|spacebison|spankbot|spanner|sqworm|superbot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(superhttp|surfbot|asterias|suzuran|szukacz|takeout|teleport) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(telesoft|the.?intraformant|thenomad|tighttwatbot|titan|urldispatcher) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(turingos|turnitinbot|urly.?warning|vacuum|vci|voideye|whacker) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(libwww-perl|widow|wisenutbot|wwwoffle|xaldon|xenu|zeus|zyborg|anonymouse) [NC,OR]

# STARTS WITH WEB
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^web(zip|emaile|enhancer|fetch|go.?is|auto|bandit|clip|copier|master|reaper|sauger|site.?quester|whack) [NC,OR]

# ANYWHERE IN UA -- GREEDY REGEX
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*(craftbot|download|extract|stripper|sucker|ninja|clshttp|webspider|leacher|collector|grabber|webpictures).*$ [NC]

# ISSUE 403 / SERVE ERRORDOCUMENT
RewriteRule . - [F,L]

Alternetyva:

RewriteEngine on

#Block spambots
RewriteCond %{HTTP:User-Agent} (?:Alexibot|Art-Online|asterias|BackDoorbot|Black.Hole|
BlackWidow|BlowFish|botALot|BuiltbotTough|Bullseye|BunnySlippers|Cegbfeieh|Cheesebot|
CherryPicker|ChinaClaw|CopyRightCheck|cosmos|Crescent|Custo|DISCo|DittoSpyder|DownloadsDemon|
eCatch|EirGrabber|EmailCollector|EmailSiphon|EmailWolf|EroCrawler|ExpresssWebPictures|ExtractorPro|
EyeNetIE|FlashGet|Foobot|FrontPage|GetRight|GetWeb!|Go-Ahead-Got-It|Go!Zilla|GrabNet|Grafula|
Harvest|hloader|HMView|httplib|HTTrack|humanlinks|ImagesStripper|ImagesSucker|IndysLibrary|
InfonaviRobot|InterGET|InternetsNinja|Jennybot|JetCar|JOCsWebsSpider|Kenjin.Spider|Keyword.Density|
larbin|LeechFTP|Lexibot|libWeb/clsHTTP|LinkextractorPro|LinkScan/8.1a.Unix|LinkWalker|lwp-trivial|
MasssDownloader|Mata.Hari|Microsoft.URL|MIDownstool|MIIxpc|Mister.PiX|MistersPiX|moget|
Mozilla/3.Mozilla/2.01|Mozilla.*NEWT|Navroad|NearSite|NetAnts|NetMechanic|NetSpider|NetsVampire|
NetZIP|NICErsPRO|NPbot|Octopus|Offline.Explorer|OfflinesExplorer|OfflinesNavigator|Openfind|
Pagerabber|PapasFoto|pavuk|pcBrowser|ProgramsSharewares1|ProPowerbot/2.14|ProWebWalker|ProWebWalker|
psbot/0.1|QueryN.Metasearch|ReGet|RepoMonkey|RMA|SiteSnagger|SlySearch|SmartDownload|Spankbot|spanner|
Superbot|SuperHTTP|Surfbot|suzuran|Szukacz/1.4|tAkeOut|Teleport|TeleportsPro|Telesoft|The.Intraformant|
TheNomad|TightTwatbot|Titan|toCrawl/UrlDispatcher|toCrawl/UrlDispatcher|True_Robot|turingos|
Turnitinbot/1.5|URLy.Warning|VCI|VoidEYE|WebAuto|WebBandit|WebCopier|WebEMailExtrac.*|WebEnhancer|
WebFetch|WebGosIS|Web.Image.Collector|WebsImagesCollector|WebLeacher|WebmasterWorldForumbot|
WebReaper|WebSauger|WebsiteseXtractor|Website.Quester|WebsitesQuester|Webster.Pro|WebStripper|
WebsSucker|WebWhacker|WebZip|Wget|Widow|[Ww]eb[Bb]andit|WWW-Collector-E|WWWOFFLE|
XaldonsWebSpider|Xenu's|Zeus) [NC]
RewriteRule .? - [F]

Blokavimas su SetEnvIfNoCase:

 
# IF THE UA STARTS WITH THESE
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(aesop_com_spiderman|alexibot|backweb|bandit|batchftp|bigfoot) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(black.?hole|blackwidow|blowfish|botalot|buddy|builtbottough|bullseye) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(cheesebot|cherrypicker|chinaclaw|collector|copier|copyrightcheck) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(cosmos|crescent|curl|custo|da|diibot|disco|dittospyder|dragonfly) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(drip|easydl|ebingbong|ecatch|eirgrabber|emailcollector|emailsiphon) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(emailwolf|erocrawler|exabot|eyenetie|filehound|flashget|flunky) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(frontpage|getright|getweb|go.?zilla|go-ahead-got-it|gotit|grabnet) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(grafula|harvest|hloader|hmview|httplib|httrack|humanlinks|ilsebot) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(infonavirobot|infotekies|intelliseek|interget|iria|jennybot|jetcar) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(joc|justview|jyxobot|kenjin|keyword|larbin|leechftp|lexibot|lftp|libweb) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(likse|linkscan|linkwalker|lnspiderguy|lwp|magnet|mag-net|markwatch) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(mata.?hari|memo|microsoft.?url|midown.?tool|miixpc|mirror|missigua) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(mister.?pix|moget|mozilla.?newt|nameprotect|navroad|backdoorbot|nearsite) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(net.?vampire|netants|netcraft|netmechanic|netspider|nextgensearchbot) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(attach|nicerspro|nimblecrawler|npbot|octopus|offline.?explorer) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(offline.?navigator|openfind|outfoxbot|pagegrabber|papa|pavuk) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(pcbrowser|php.?version.?tracker|pockey|propowerbot|prowebwalker) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(psbot|pump|queryn|recorder|realdownload|reaper|reget|true_robot) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(repomonkey|rma|internetseer|sitesnagger|siphon|slysearch|smartdownload) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(snake|snapbot|snoopy|sogou|spacebison|spankbot|spanner|sqworm|superbot) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(superhttp|surfbot|asterias|suzuran|szukacz|takeout|teleport) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(telesoft|the.?intraformant|thenomad|tighttwatbot|titan|urldispatcher) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(turingos|turnitinbot|urly.?warning|vacuum|vci|voideye|whacker) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(widow|wisenutbot|wwwoffle|xaldon|xenu|zeus|zyborg|anonymouse) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*web(zip|emaile|enhancer|fetch|go.?is|auto|bandit|clip|copier|master|reaper|sauger|site.?quester|whack) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(craftbot|download|extract|stripper|sucker|ninja|clshttp|webspider|leacher|collector|grabber|webpictures) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
SetEnvIfNoCase ^User-Agent$ .*(libwww-perl|aesop_com_spiderman) HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT
Deny from env=HTTP_SAFE_BADBOT

Dar pavyzdys:

RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*(Ahrefs|Baidu|BlogScope|Butterfly|DCPbot|discoverybot|domain|Ezooms|ImageSearcherFree).*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*(ips-agent|linkdex|MJ12|Netcraft|NextGenSearchBot|SISTRIX|Sogou|soso|TweetmemeBot|Unwind|Yandex).*$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^/?.*$ "http\:\/\/127\.0\.0\.1" [R,L]

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